What is the National Bird of Puerto Rico?

Let me tell you about the fascinating national bird of Puerto Rico. Known as the Puerto Rican parrot, this vibrant and rare species holds a special place in the hearts of the Puerto Rican people. With its stunning green plumage and distinctive red forehead, the Puerto Rican parrot is a symbol of resilience and conservation efforts. In this article, we will explore the remarkable journey of this beloved bird and its significance to the island’s culture. Get ready to be amazed by the captivating story of Puerto Rico’s national bird.

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Puerto Rico, a beautiful island located in the Caribbean Sea, is known for its vibrant culture, stunning landscapes, and unique biodiversity. As a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico has its own distinct heritage and identity. One of the symbols that represents this identity is the national bird of Puerto Rico.

The Coqui

The Coqui, a small tree frog, holds the esteemed position of being Puerto Rico’s national bird. Despite not being a bird in the traditional sense, the Coqui is deeply intertwined with Puerto Rican culture and holds significant value to its people. This little amphibian measures just one to two inches in length and is characterized by its bright colors and unique sound.

The Coqui’s call, which sounds like “ko-kee,” is famously known throughout the island. It is a rhythmic and melodic song that fills the night air, serving as a lullaby to soothe people to sleep. This distinctive sound is deeply ingrained in the Puerto Rican way of life, evoking feelings of nostalgia and a sense of connection to the natural world.

Alternative Candidates

While the Coqui may not be a traditional bird, there were several other candidate species considered for the position of Puerto Rico’s national bird. One such contender was the Puerto Rican Parrot, a colorful bird endemic to the island. The Sapito, or Robber Frog, known for its striking appearance and unique behaviors, was also a candidate. The Green Mango, a small hummingbird, and the Elfin-woods Warbler, a rare bird found only in Puerto Rico, were also contenders.

Selection Process

The selection of Puerto Rico’s national bird involved careful consideration of several factors. The public played a significant role in this process, as they provided input on the species they believed best represented the island’s natural heritage. Expert opinions from scientists, conservationists, and educators were also taken into account. Ultimately, a decision-making committee was responsible for evaluating all the factors and making the final decision.

Official Recognition

In 1987, the Coqui was officially recognized as the national bird of Puerto Rico. This recognition solidified the unique place the Coqui holds in the hearts of Puerto Ricans. The Coqui’s significance is further highlighted through legal provisions and symbols associated with Puerto Rican culture. For example, the Coqui is featured on the island’s postage stamps and coins, showcasing its importance as a national symbol.

Threats to the Coqui

Despite its cultural significance, the Coqui faces numerous threats that put its survival at risk. Habitat loss due to deforestation and urbanization is a primary concern. Climate change also poses a threat, as rising temperatures and altered rainfall patterns can negatively impact the Coqui’s habitat and breeding patterns. Additionally, the introduction of non-native species, such as predatory animals, can disrupt the Coqui’s ecosystem.

Efforts are being made to conserve the Coqui and its habitat. Organizations are working to protect and restore the Coqui’s natural environment, as well as raising awareness about the importance of preserving this iconic species. Conservation measures are aimed at mitigating the threats facing the Coqui and ensuring its survival for future generations.

Education and Awareness

Promoting the Coqui’s preservation goes hand in hand with environmental education. By educating the public, especially young people, about the importance of biodiversity and the role of the Coqui in Puerto Rico’s ecosystem, we can foster a sense of responsibility towards nature. Coqui-related educational initiatives, such as workshops and nature walks, allow people to appreciate and understand the unique characteristics of this tiny amphibian.

Coqui in Popular Culture

The Coqui has long been a symbol of Puerto Rican identity and is celebrated in various forms of art, music, and literature. Its distinct call is incorporated into traditional songs and often serves as a muse for artists. The Coqui’s presence is felt throughout the island, and it has become an emblem of Puerto Rico’s rich cultural heritage.

Additionally, the Coqui has become a popular tourist attraction, with visitors seeking to experience the charm of this unique species firsthand. Coqui-related merchandise, such as stuffed animals, keychains, and t-shirts, have become souvenirs that proudly display Puerto Rican pride.

Coqui in Science and Research

Scientific studies on the Coqui have contributed to our understanding of its ecological role and impact on Puerto Rico’s ecosystem. As an important predator of insects, the Coqui helps maintain a delicate balance in the island’s food web. Research efforts also focus on monitoring the Coqui population and implementing conservation strategies to ensure its survival.

Collaborations with international organizations have been instrumental in advancing knowledge about the Coqui. Researchers from around the world come together to exchange information, share best practices, and work collectively towards protecting this unique species and its habitat.


In conclusion, the Coqui holds a special place in the hearts and minds of Puerto Ricans, despite not being a traditional bird. Its distinct sound and cultural significance have cemented its position as the national bird of Puerto Rico. With the increasing threats facing the Coqui, it is vital to prioritize its preservation and protect Puerto Rico’s natural heritage. By promoting awareness, supporting conservation efforts, and fostering a sense of appreciation for the Coqui, we can ensure that this iconic species thrives for generations to come.





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